Personal Care Chemistry

The personal care industry develops and manufactures products such as cosmetics, soaps, detergents, and more, which are used for personal hygiene and beautification.
Take a look at the health and beauty section of your local drug store or supermarket and you’ll get some idea of the breadth of products produced by this sector—many of which are purchased on the basis of color, smell, and/or taste. Therefore, chemists working in this field cater to the senses of the consumer.
Personal care chemists work to understand the chemical and physical processes that describe how the raw ingredients work, how they affect each other, and how they affect the manufacturing process. They may design and manufacture new ingredients or combine and modify existing ingredients in new ways to create new products.
Therefore, they need to make sure that desirable properties are maintained when ingredients are changed (due to changes in price or availability), and they are continually trying to develop better and more cost-effective products.
Personal care is a specialized field within applied research and product development. There are many niche areas (e.g., cosmetics, soaps, natural products), each of which has their own special considerations.

Typical job duties

  • Develop brand-new personal care formulations.
  • Reformulate existing products to update ingredients, enhance productivity, or lower costs.
  • Manage the product development process, from small scale laboratory to pilot plant to commercialization scale.
  • Monitor potential product formulations for stability over time and under varying levels of light and heat.
  • Test potential products for resistance to bacterial growth.
  • Communicate with sales, marketing, and business development teams about potential new products.
  • Maintain current knowledge of relevant industry standards, and ensure compliance with their requirements.
  • In addition to sound technical skills, chemists in personal care must have an understanding of the consumers’ desires for the final use of the product. Do they want a premium product that works extremely well, or would they be satisfied with something that works adequately well at a significantly lower cost?
  • Teamwork is important and includes working with environmental and toxicology specialists, business and sales professionals, and manufacturing experts.

Technical Skills

  • Analytical and problem-solving skills.
  • Time management and prioritization skills to balance competing projects and timelines in a fast-paced environment.
  • Basic statistical analysis and Design of Experiments methodology.
  • Literature searching skills to find relevant patent and scientific literature and information regarding competing technologies.
  • Oral presentation skills to sell your ideas to both scientists and non-scientists, including internal staff and external investors and customers.
  • Written communication skills to maintain data and report results, as well as creating technical service documentation for customers, articles for trade magazines and technical journals, and more.
  • Interpersonal skills, often including both management and supervisory skills, as well as the ability to work with suppliers and customers who have a wide variety of backgrounds.

Career Path

In industry, most chemists start out in research and then advance by climbing either the research or management career ladder. The research ladder involves staying close to product development, taking on more supervisory responsibilities and larger projects. The management or business ladder involves moving away from the lab bench and more into sales/ marketing or operations/production
of highly technical products that are sold to other businesses rather than consumers. Scientists in management generally have slightly more experience than those in research, and they earn slightly higher salaries.
Once you move out of research and into management, it is difficult to move back to the laboratory, as your technical knowledge and skills become outdated quickly.

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