What’s My Colour?

Albinism is a rare genetic expression that leads to little or no melanin production. It is as a result of a defect in one of several genes that produce or distribute melanin. No matter what race or ethnicity someone with albinism is, their skin and hair appear white because of a lack of pigment.



Albinism is usually associated with:

  • Absence of colour in the hair, skin, or iris of the eye
  • Lighter than normal skin and hair
  • Patchy, missing skin colour
  • Crossed eyes (strabismus)
  • Light sensitivity (photophobia)
  • Rapid eye movements (nystagmus)
  • Vision problems or functional blindness



There is no cure for albinism; the goal of treatment is to relieve symptoms. Treatment may include:

  • Sunglasses to protect the eyes from UV rays
  • Protective clothing and sunscreen to protect the skin from UV rays
  • Prescription eyeglasses to correct vision problems
  • Surgery on the muscles of the eyes to correct abnormal eye movements

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